Forearm and Elbow Conditions

Nerve / Tendon:
Biceps Tendonitis
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's Elbow)
Radial Tunnel Syndrome
Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)

Bone / Joint:
Osteoarthritis of the Elbow
Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Elbow


Biceps Tendonitis

Often secondary to rotator cuff instability, biceps tendonitis occurs when the tendons attaching the biceps muscle to the shoulder and lower arm bone become overused or stressed. The corresponding irritation and inflammation results in tendonitis.

The biceps tendon is vulnerable to such conditions, because it helps control lower arm movement and is subjected to extreme force in such throwing sports as competitive baseball or football.

Symptoms associated with biceps tendonitis include, pain along the front of the shoulder during arm and shoulder movement - particularly forward and upward movements - which intensifies at night and becomes increasingly prevalent during daily activity.

Risk Factors
Those most often affected by biceps tendonitis are competitive athletes involved in throwing positions in a sport. It equally impacts active men and women, who repeatedly subject their arm to such force. Though less common, a direct trauma or calcification in the tendon may also prompt the condition.

Treatment
Following a thorough examination and assessment of the patient’s history and lifestyle, radiographic testing may be indicated in order to determine the severity of the problem and select the best treatment option.

Conservative treatment has proven effective in the treatment of biceps tendonitis and generally involves anti-inflammatory medication and cold compression. A rehabilitative exercise program designed to strengthen and promote flexibility and balanced conditioning of opposing muscles is established. Corticosteroid injections may also be indicated in order to reduce the inflammation and pain.