Arthroscopic debridement is a procedure that removes dead, or necrotic, tissue, bone fragments or other foreign material surrounding an injury. Debridement is necessary to create a "clean" environment
by exposing healthy tissue within the damaged area. Wound debridement techniques have existed since early man, though they were a bit more invasive!
A variety of injuries and degenerative conditions may indicate a need for arthroscopic debridement. Once performed a number of different ways, today arthroscopic debridement is the preferred method.
By clearing out any dead tissue prone to bacteria growth and infection and exposing that which is healthy, healing conditions are enhanced. Debridement can also remove any bone fragments disrupting
other soft tissue and joint function, and foreign matter that the body would otherwise fight to reject such as bullet fragments and other matter present in gun shot wounds. Debridement may also be
used to treat pockets of pus called abscesses, which could develop into a general infection that has the potential to invade the bloodstream (sepsis) and lead to other serious conditions. Tissue that is
burned or exposed to corrosive substances tends to form a black crust called eschar, which also requires debridement because it can inhibit wound healing.